Egyptian women were treated better than other major civilizations of the ancient world, and as far as the law was concerned, were regarded as totally equal to men. Egyptians believed that happiness was a goal to be obtained in ones life, and believed home and family was the major source of joy and delight.
Egyptian queens were very powerful and had an great influence on the country. One women, Hatshepsut, even became Pharaoh and ruled in her own name for a number of years. Another great queen, Nefertari, continued the tradition of strong queens begun in the Eighteenth Dynasty, and was worshipped as a goddess.
LADY OF THE NILE
Crawford's "Lady of the Nile" was inspired by his visit to the King Tutan Rhamun exhibit in New Orleans. The perfection of this impersonal face shows the golden color of skin corresponding to female beauty of the period. The hand holds the royal symbol of authority and aristocracy, the pastoral staff. On her head, the princess wears a heavy wig, that is secured by a metal band bearing the sacred asp or Colera at the front. This fine piece holds all the mystery, intrigue and anonymous immortality of ancient Egypt.
Nefertari was the first chief queen of Ramesses the Great, and yet little is known of her. Queen Nefertari was the first and most beloved of Ramesses II principle wives. Ramesses married Nefertari in 1312 BC and she soon gave him his first son, Amenhirwenemef - the first of 11 children.
Ramesses was devoted to Nefertari and wrote at length of his love and her beauty. He demonstrated this by building her a magnificent tomb, the finest in the Valley of the Queens.
The tomb's decorations were exquisite. The walls were covered with intricate and detailed paintings using a vast array of colors, and featuring 'relief carvings', a process where the design is carved to stick out from the surface of the wall, very much similar to Crawford's Bas-relief's.